Issued in October 2014.
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) recognized a need for dramatic improvements to the existing air navigation system. The ICAO Special Committee of Future Air Navigation Systems (FANS) developed a new concept expressed in terms of communication, navigation, surveillance and air traffic management (CNS/ATM). It was intended to be an evolutionary means of achieving improvements in the global air navigation system. To obtain the benefits of the CNS/ATM concept, aircraft need to achieve accurate, repeatable and predictable navigation performance. This is referred to as Required Navigation Performance (RNP).